Amateur sports are sports in which participants engage largely or entirely without remuneration. The distinction is made between amateur sporting participants and professional sporting participants, who are paid for the time they spend competing and training. In the majority of sports which feature professional players, the professionals will participate at a higher standard of play than amateur competitors, as they can train full-time without the stress of having another job. The majority of worldwide sporting participants are amateurs. Sporting amateurism was a zealously guarded ideal in the 19th century, especially among the upper classes, but faced steady erosion throughout the 20th century with the continuing growth of pro sports and monetisation of amateur and collegiate sports, and is now strictly held as an ideal by fewer and fewer organisations governing sports, even as they maintain the word " amateur " in their titles.
The difference between an Amateur and Professional?
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Association football was first codified in , with the formation of the Football Association FA in England. At this time the sport was played mainly by public schools , or teams with public school roots, and amateurism was the norm. This remained the case until the s, when working-class teams began to vie for supremacy. The issue of professionalism arose in when a dispute began between the FA and Bolton Wanderers founded in , who had offered professional terms to Scottish players. Scottish players who played in England professionally were known as the Scotch Professors. The subject remained a heated one through the s, directly or indirectly involving many other clubs besides Bolton.
Inspired by the ancient Olympics in Greece, the modern games began in and were long known as a bastion for amateurism with professionals being unable to compete in the games. However, during the latter half of the 20th century, the IOC International Olympic Committee has had to adapt to a number of political and economic advancements and one of these was the growing issue of corporate endorsements and sponsorship which blurred the lines of amateurism and professionalism resulting in the rules being steadily relaxed for almost all sports in the Olympic movement, allowing professionals to compete in all sports, except boxing and wrestling. Pierre de Coubertin was the founder of the International Olympic Committee and was the driving force behind the first of the modern Olympic Games.
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