Breast atrophy is the normal menopausal or spontaneous as a sign of a disorder atrophy of the breasts Pic. Hyperandrogenism in women can be associated with set of symptoms called polycystic ovary syndrome PCOS where breast atrophy is a sign of the condition. PCOS is characterized by ovulatory dysfunction and polycystic ovarian morphology lots of tiny cysts at ovary. In post-menopausal women, breast atrophy is aggravated by the inelasticity of over-stretched, aged skin.
Vaginal and vulvar atrophy VVA , also known as vulvovaginal atrophy, is a condition causing uncomfortable changes to the vaginal area due to menopause. A range of symptoms causing pain and discomfort result from a decrease in estrogen levels. This condition affects about half of women going through menopause. Symptoms such as pain and dryness interfere with sexual activities and health, along with daily activities. This change in the ability to participate in enjoyable activities often causes a decrease in quality of life. Symptoms of VVA include vaginal dryness , discomfort, pain, discharge, swelling, and brittle, thin, or rigid vaginal tissue.
The incidence and severity of vulvovaginal atrophy VVA in postmenopausal breast cancer patients has a significant impact on quality of life. While the etiology of VVA is primarily related to low estrogen levels seen in menopause, women with breast cancer have an added risk of VVA induced by a combination of chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, and menopause. Ospemifene is a new, non-hormonal selective estrogen receptor modulator SERM triphenylethylene derivative that is effective in treating VVA in postmenopausal women. Although other SERMs have antagonistic effects on the vagina, ospemifene exerts an estrogen-like effect on the vaginal epithelium.
When your breast was biopsied, the samples taken were studied under the microscope by a specialized doctor with many years of training called a pathologist. The pathologist sends your doctor a report that gives a diagnosis for each sample taken. Information in this report will be used to help manage your care.