They are actually more likely to get some types of cancer than people who are not infected. It may be that some of these cancers are able to develop and grow more quickly because of a weakened immune system brought on by the infection itself. In other cases it may be because people with HIV infection or AIDS are more likely to have certain other risk factors for cancer, such as being smokers. As people with HIV infection have been living longer, they are also developing other types of cancer that are more common in older people. The use of anti-HIV drugs has also led to better cancer survival rates for people with HIV, as many people are now able to get full doses of chemotherapy and other standard cancer treatments, which may not have been possible in the past.
Gay men seen dying from AIDS due to Africa's homophobic laws | Reuters
A study of the data of 45, gay men in 28 African countries including Kenya, Malawi and Nigeria found only one in four living with HIV were taking medication. More research is required to see whether, if these laws were repealed, more gay men would be tested and treated. According to the United Nations, about , people living with HIV in Africa still die every year because they cannot or do not get tested and gain access to treatment, accounting for more than 60 percent of all global HIV-related deaths. While there are no official figures on the number of deaths of men who have sex with men MSM , Mitchell said it would be fair to estimate that thousands of gay men who were unaware or unable to get medication were dying every year. Same-sex relationships are considered taboo and gay sex is a crime across most of continent, with punishments ranging from imprisonment to death. A report by the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association found 32 African countries out of a total of 54 nations criminalize same sex relations. South Africa is the only African nation to legalise gay marriage.
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It is the virus that can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, or AIDS. Unlike some other viruses, the human body cannot get rid of HIV. That means that once you have HIV, you have it for life.
Understand important health issues for gay men and men who have sex with men — from sexually transmitted infections to depression — and get tips for taking charge of your health. All men face certain health risks. However, gay men and men who have sex with men have some specific health concerns. Although your individual risks are shaped by many factors beyond your sexual orientation and practices — including family history and age — it's important to understand common health issues for gay men and steps you can take to stay healthy.